What is the coronavirus? What can I do to prevent getting it? What should I do if I think I have it? When will the outburst end? This part answers all of these questions and more, so if you’re short on time, start here.
Coronaviruses (CoV) are a huge family of viruses that cause sickness ranging from the common cold to more harsh diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a new nervous tension that was revealed in 2019 and has not been earlier identified in humans.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transm
itted between animals and people. Several known coronavirus are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
Standard recommendations to avoid infection spread include regular hand washing, covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, thoroughly cooking meat and eggs. Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.
A mysterious new strain of coronavirus has killed over 2,300 people in China and infected thousands, including in other countries.
If one get coronavirus, how sick will I get?
A large study in China found that about 80% of confirmed cases had moderately mild symptoms. About 15% had severe symptoms that caused significant tininess of breath, low blood oxygen or other lung problems, and fewer than 5% of cases were serious, featuring respiratory failure, septic shock or multiple organ problems. Older people and those with respiratory problems, heart disease or diabetes are at greater risk.
What is the mortality rate of the new coronavirus?
It is probably about or a bit less than 1%. Much higher figures have been flying about, but the chief medical officer. We know there are many more mild cases that do not get to hospital and are not being counted, which would bring the mortality rate appreciably down.
Deaths are utmost in the elderly, with very low rates among younger people, although medical staff who treat patients and get exposed to a lot of virus are thought to be more at risk. But even among the over-80s, 90% will recover.
How can I stop myself and others from getting infected?
Wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds and do this often, as well as when you get home or into work. Use hand sanitizer gel if soap and water are not available. Avoid touching your face. Cough or sneeze into a tissue or the crook of your elbow and put used tissues directly in the bin. Avoid close contact with people who are viewing possible symptoms.
Basic protective measures against the new coronavirus
Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak.
Most people who become contaminated experience mild sickness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:
Wash your hands frequently
Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
Maintain social distancing
Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) space between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once infected, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance.
Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading
- Stay at home if you commence to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you get well. Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical services will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
- If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.